ARSENICAL BOOKS DATABASE

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Emerald green bookcloth with discolored spine. Courtesy of the Baldwin Library of Historical Children’s Literature, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida.
Emerald green onlays. Courtesy of the Baldwin Library of Historical Children’s Literature, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida. Annotated by Winterthur Poison Book Project team.
Emerald green paper binding. Courtesy of Ronald Smeltzer.



This growing list of known arsenical green bookbindings was initially based on emerald green, cloth-bound books discovered by the Poison Book Project; however, as contributing institutions have discovered emerald green paper and leather bindings, as well, we have expanded the scope of the list to include any mass-produced, 19th-century bookbinding that contains arsenical emerald green pigment.


In the 19th century, not every book from the same edition would have been bound identically. Therefore, it is possible to have a book of the same edition listed below, but which does not contain an emerald green component. We provide this table of arsenical, mass-produced bookbindings as a starting point from which other institutions and private collectors may consider their own collections. This table includes information collected from bookmark recipients about possible emerald green cloth bindings, as well as more conclusive identification by Winterthur and other contributing institutions using instrumental analysis. To contribute data to the project, please read How To Submit Data to the Poison Book Project.


This table was last updated on December 1, 2022. Total number of emerald green bindings identified to date: 128.

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Date Title Added OCLC No. Title Author Imprint Date Number of Confirmed Arsenical Bindings Owner ID Method Arsenical Material
8/9/2021 A Golden Legacy to Daughters, or Advice to Young Ladies Boston: Higgins, Bradley and Dayton 1857 1 private owner bookmark bookcloth
2/6/2020 A winter wreath of summer flowers Goodrich, Samuel G. (Samuel Griswold), 1793-1860. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 1854 1 The Library Company XRF green onlay
2/7/2022 2858043 A winter wreath of summer flowers Goodrich, Samuel G. New York: D. Appleton and Co. 1855 2 George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida; American Antiquarian Society bookmark, XRF green onlay
2/6/2020 Affection's Gift Philadelphia: Henry F. Anners 1850 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth
11/16/2022 Album of Friendship New York: Leavitt & Allen n.d. 1 Burt Thompson bookmark green onlay
2/6/2020 Angel Whispers Eddy, Daniel C. Boston: Dayton & Wentworth 1855 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 Angel Whispers Eddy, Daniel C. Boston: Wentworth & Co. 1856 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth
8/9/2021 1237656402 Angel Whispers; or, The Echo of Spirit Voices Designed to Comfort those who Mourn Eddy, Daniel C. Boston: Dayton & Wentworth 1854 2 private owner, American Antiquarian Society bookmark, XRF bookcloth
7/6/2022 Anleitung zum Anbau der Sandflächen im Binnen-Lande und auf den Strand-Dünen für Landwirthe, Waldbesitzer und Forstbeamte Pannewitz, Julius von Marienwerder [i.e. Kwidzyn (Poland)]: A. Baumann 1832 1 University of Delaware Library bookmark, XRF textblock edges
3/24/2022 Aphorisms of the Wise & Good Stanesby, Samuel 1862 1 Undisclosed bookmark, XRF bookcloth
8/4/2022 Ballads of Ireland Hayes, Edward London, Edinburgh, and Dublin: A. Fullarton & Co. 1856 1 Myla Smith bookmark bookcloth
11/15/2021 18371729 Canine Pathology Blaine, D.P.; Boosey, Thomas London: T. & T.Boosey 1832 1 William & Mary Libraries bookmark, XRF bookcloth
11/16/2022 19912072 Daughters of the Cross: or, Women's .. Eddy, Daniel C. Dayton and Wentworth; Boston 1854 1 American Antiquarian Society XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 54211672 Elementary Instruction in the Art of Illuminating and Missal Painting on Vellum, etc, 4th edition Laurent de Lara, D. London: Ackermann & Co. Strand, and all booksellers 1858 1 Winterthur XRF, Raman bookcloth
2/6/2020 Ellen; or, The Chained Mother Harlan, Mary B. Cincinnati. : Published for the author, by Applegate & Co. 1855 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 Faggots for the Fireside Goodrich, Samuel G. (Samuel Griswold), 1793-1860. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 1854 1 The Library Company XRF green onlay
5/8/2022 32457034 Faggots for the Fireside Goodrich, Samuel G. (Samuel Griswold), 1793-1860. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 1855 1 University of Oregon Libraries bookmark, XRF bookcloth
2/7/2022 32457034 Faggots for the Fireside, or, Fact and fancy Goodrich, Samuel G. New York: D. Appleton and Co. 1855 2 George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida; American Antiquarian Society bookmark, XRF green onlay
2/6/2020 Floral Souvenir, A Perennial Gift Chambersburg, PA: Shryock, Reed & Co. 1841 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth
7/6/2022 Flowers: Their Use and Beauty in Language and Sentiment London: Darton and Co. 1857 1 University of Delaware Library bookmark, XRF bookcloth
11/16/2022 46823560 Friendship's Jewel: a gift of remembrance G.W.Cottrell 1851 1 American Antiquarian Society XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 Friendship's Offering New York: Leavitt & Allen 1856 1 The Library Company XRF green onlay
4/12/2022 Friendship's offering Philadelphia: E.H. Butler & Co. 1854 1 Boston Athenaeum bookmark, XRF bookcloth
4/12/2022 Geographical surveying, its uses, methods and results Carpenter, Frank De Yeau New York: D. Van Nostrand 1878 1 Boston Athenaeum bookmark, XRF paper covering
2/6/2020 Gift of Love Boston: J.Buffum 1850 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth
8/9/2021 Grandpapa's Tales About Animals Bland, James Halifax [Eng.]: Milner and Sowerby 1850 1 private owner XRF, Raman bookcloth
4/12/2022 Grundlegung des Heils: für christliche Katecheten und Prediger Ackermann, C. F. W. Nürnberg: J.P. Raw 1836 1 Boston Athenaeum bookmark, XRF paper label
12/15/2021 Guadaloupe: A Tale of Love and War One who served in the campaign of 1846-7 Philadelphia: Jas. B. Smith & Co. 1860 1 Athenaeum of Philadelphia XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 Hoyle's Games Philadelphia: Henry F. Anners 1845 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth
5/8/2022 5536535 Italy: a poem Rogers, Samuel London: E. Moxon 1852 1 University of Oregon Libraries bookmark, XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 Kanavagh: a tale, Illustrated Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth London: W. Kent & Co. (Late D. Bogue) 86, Fleet Street 1858 1 WUDPAC Study Collection XRF, Raman bookcloth
4/12/2022 Kobboltozo: a sequel to the Last of the Huggermuggers Cranch, Christopher Pearse Boston: Phillips, Sampson and Co. 1857 1 Boston Athenaeum bookmark, XRF bookcloth
3/24/2022 Lallah Rookh, an Oriental Romance Moore, Thomas London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans 1854 1 Undisclosed bookmark, XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 Leaflets of Memory New York: Leavitt & Allen 1855 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth
8/24/2022 4180233 Leaflets of Memory, vol. 11 New York: Leavitt & Allen 1856 1 Middlebury College Special Collections Bookmark, XRF bookcloth
11/16/2022 317114374 Leaves of Affection Leavitt & Allen; NY 1862 1 American Antiquarian Society XRF onlay only
4/12/2022 Lese-und Gebetbuch Passy, A. Regensburg: Georg Joseph Manz 1859 1 Boston Athenaeum bookmark, XRF textblock edges
2/6/2020 Macaulay's Lays of Ancient Rome Macaulay, Thomas Babington Philadelphia: E. H. Butler & Co. 1854 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth
11/16/2022 590009214 Maria Cheeseman; or, Candy-Girl Am. Sunday School Union 1855 1 American Antiquarian Society XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 Military Journal of Major Ebenezer Denny Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co. 1859 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth
3/24/2022 Musings on Guard Felix, Frank 1858 1 Undisclosed bookmark, XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 My Own Garden Loudon, Mrs. (Jane) London: Kerby & Son 1855 2 Winterthur; George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida bookmark, XRF, Raman bookcloth
2/6/2020 Nellie Gray, or Ups and Downs of Everyday Life Philadelphia: American Sunday School Union 1855 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 4272866 Nothing to Eat, Illustrated Jenkins, Edward O. New York: Dick and Fitzgerald 1857 1 Winterthur XRF, Raman bookcloth
2/6/2020 950940197 Oasis, or Golden Leaves of Friendship, The Ferguson, N.L., Ed. Boston : Dayton and Wentworth 1855 2 The Library Company, American Antiquarian Society XRF bookcloth
11/15/2021 15344101 Oasis; or Golden Leaves of Friendship, The Percival, M.J. Boston: Wentworth and Co. 1856 3 William & Mary Libraries; Middlebury College Special Collections, American Antiquarian Society bookmark, XRF bookcloth
4/4/2022 1615988 Oasis; or Golden Leaves of Friendship, The Ferguson, N.J., Ed. Boston: Dayton and Wentworth 1854 1 Middlebury College Special Collections bookmark, XRF bookcloth
12/15/2021 Ocean Gardens: The History of the Marine Aquarium Humphreys, H. Noel London: Sampson Low, Son, and Co. 1857 1 Athenaeum of Philadelphia XRF bookcloth
7/6/2022 Oeuvres de Lavoisier, Tome 4 Publiées par les soins de son excellence le ministre de l'instruction publique et des cultes Paris: Imprimerie Imperiale 1868 1 University of Delaware Library bookmark, XRF paper over boards
7/6/2022 Oeuvres de Lavoisier, Tome 5 Publiées par les soins de son excellence le ministre de l'instruction publique et des cultes Paris: Imprimerie Imperiale 1892 1 University of Delaware Library bookmark, XRF paper over boards
2/6/2020 On Human Longevity and the Amount of Life Upon the Globe Flourens, P. (Pierre), 1794-1867. London: New York: H. Bailliere, Publisher 1855 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth
11/15/2021 12540092 Our folks at home, or, Life at the old manor house Toliver, Edward Philadelphia, New York: C.G. Henderson & Co, D. Appleton & Co. 1855 2 William & Mary Libraries; George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida bookmark, XRF bookcloth
11/16/2022 12155384 Our Happy Home: or, The Family Circle Gould, Sarah Higgins, Bradley & Dayton 1857 1 American Antiquarian Society XRF bookcloth
11/16/2022 985494522 Peter Parley's Annual for 1875 George, Ben London: Ben George 1875 1 Knoll Bindings Collection bookmark, XRF green onlay
2/6/2020 Plants of the Holy Land Osborn, Henry S. Philadelphia : Parry & McMillan 1860 2 Winterthur, American Antiquarian Society XRF, Raman bookcloth
7/6/2022 Plants of the Holy Land with Their Fruits and Flowers Osborn, Henry S. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co. 1861 1 University of Delaware Library bookmark, XRF bookcloth
8/24/2022 3213483 Poems: Gleanings from Spare Hours of a Business Life James Lawson New York: John F. Trow, Printer 1857 1 Middlebury College Special Collections Bookmark, XRF bookcloth
4/12/2022 Poets and statesmen; their homes and haunts in the neighbourhood of Eton and Windsor Dowling, William London: E. P. Williams 1857 1 Boston Athenaeum bookmark, XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 4799738 Rustic Adornments for Homes of Taste, 2nd edition Hibberd, Shirley London: Groombridge & Sons 1857 4 Winterthur; Boston Athenaeum; University of Delaware Library; Undisclosed bookmark, XRF, Raman bookcloth
11/15/2021 22457189 Souvenirs d'un Voyage (Vol. 1) Huc, Evariste Régis, 1813-1860. Librairie d'Adrien le Clere et Cie 1853 1 William & Mary Libraries bookmark, XRF leather
11/15/2021 1427349 Souvenirs d'un Voyage (Vol. 1) Huc, Evariste Régis, 1813-1860. Paris, Librairie de Gaume Frères ... 1857 1 William & Mary Libraries bookmark, XRF paper
11/15/2021 22457189 Souvenirs d'un Voyage (Vol. 2) Huc, Evariste Régis, 1813-1860. Librairie d'Adrien le Clere et Cie 1853 1 William & Mary Libraries bookmark, XRF leather
11/15/2021 1427349 Souvenirs d'un Voyage (Vol. 2) Huc, Evariste Régis, 1813-1860. Paris, Librairie de Gaume Frères ... 1857 1 William & Mary Libraries bookmark, XRF paper
11/15/2021 5154306 Step from the New World to the Old, A (Vol. 2) Tappan, Henry Philip D. Appleton & Co. 1852 1 William & Mary Libraries bookmark, XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 Sweet Home; or: Friendship's Golden Altar Boston: L.P. Crown & Co.; Philadelphia: J.W. Bradley 1856 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 1044734 Tallis's history and description of the Crystal palace, and the Exhibition of the world's industry in 1851, Vol. 1 Tallis, John London & New York: J. Tallis and Co. 1852 1 Winterthur XRF, Raman bookcloth
2/6/2020 1044734 Tallis's history and description of the Crystal palace, and the Exhibition of the world's industry in 1851, Vol. 2 Tallis, John London & New York: J. Tallis and Co. 1852 1 Winterthur XRF, Raman bookcloth
2/6/2020 1044734 Tallis's history and description of the Crystal palace, and the Exhibition of the world's industry in 1851, Vol. 3 Tallis, John London & New York: J. Tallis and Co. 1852 1 Winterthur XRF, Raman bookcloth
4/5/2022 1345822 Ten Nights in a Bar-Room: And What I Saw There Arthur, T.S. Philadelphia: L.P. Crown & Co 1855 1 Middlebury College Special Collections Bookmark, XRF bookcloth
11/16/2022 22260690 The Black Man Brown, Wlm. Wells James Redpath; Boston 1863 1 American Antiquarian Society XRF paper binding
11/15/2021 15320195 The book of beauty, or Token of friendship New York: Leavitt & Allen 1858 1 William & Mary Libraries bookmark, XRF bookcloth
3/24/2022 The Book of the Royal Horticultural Society Murray, Andrew 1863 1 Undisclosed bookmark, XRF bookcloth
5/28/2022 1555098 The boy's own toy-maker: a practical illustrated guide to the useful employment of leisure hours Landells, Ebenezer, 1808-1860 New York: D. Appleton & Company 1860 1 Mahn Center for Archives & Special Collections, Ohio University Libraries bookmark bookcloth
3/24/2022 The Christian Graces in Olden Time Stebbing, Henry 1852 1 Undisclosed bookmark, XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 The Complete Poetical Works of William Cowper, Esq. New York & Philadelphia: Appleton & Co. 1845 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth
3/24/2022 The Court Album: Fourteen Portraits of the Female Aristocracy London: David Bogue 1850-1857 1 Undisclosed bookmark, XRF bookcloth
4/12/2022 The Court Album: twelve portraits of the female aristocracy Hayter, John London: David Bogue, 86, Fleet Street. 1852 1 Boston Athenaeum bookmark, XRF bookcloth, endpapers
2/6/2020 The Crystal Sphere: its forces and its beings Sanders, J. Milton London: Hippolyte Bailliere 1857 2 The Library Company; Boston Athenaeum bookmark, XRF bookcloth
4/12/2022 The Curse of the Village; The happiness of being rich; and, Blind Rosa Conscience, Hendrik Baltimore: Murphy & Co. 1856 1 Boston Athenaeum bookmark, XRF bookcloth
3/24/2022 The Deserted Village Goldsmith, Oliver London: Sampson Low & Son 1859 1 Undisclosed bookmark, XRF bookcloth
11/15/2021 48393610 The Faithful Hound: a true tale for children Thomas, Emily, Lady London: Griffith and Farran 1863 2 William & Mary Libraries; George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida bookmark, XRF bookcloth
3/24/2022 The Farmer's Boy Bloomfield, Robert London: Sampson Low, Son & Co. 1857 1 Undisclosed bookmark, XRF bookcloth
11/16/2022 950932629 The Floral Keepsake, with Thirty Engr. Leavitt & Allen; NY 1856-60 1 American Antiquarian Society XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 The Gem Annual… Philadelphia : E. H. Butler & Co. 1854 1 Winterthur XRF, Raman bookcloth
11/16/2022 5272377 The Juvenile Forget-me-Not Leavitt & Allen; NY 1853-1856 1 American Antiquarian Society XRF bookcloth
11/16/2022 83488838 The Landscape Album John B. Perry [Phila.] 1857 1 American Antiquarian Society XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 The Liberty Bell Boston: National Anti-Slavery Bazaar 1856 2 The Library Company, Boston Athenaeum bookmark, XRF bookcloth
3/24/2022 The May Queen Tennyson, Alfred London: Day & Son 1861 1 Undisclosed bookmark, XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 The Patent Hat Ballou, Ellis, d. 1903. New-York: : Published for the author by Carlton and Phillips, 200 Mulberry-St. 1855 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth
11/16/2022 191314829 The Pet Annual: a gift for all seasons Leavitt & Allen; NY 1856-1860 1 American Antiquarian Society XRF green onlay
5/8/2022 268803190 The Philoepena; A gift for all seasons New York: Leavitt & Allen 185? 1 University of Oregon Libraries bookmark, XRF bookcloth
11/16/2022 1053951752 The Pilgrim's Progree Bunyan, John Presb. Board of Publ. Phila 1844 1 American Antiquarian Society XRF bookcloth
12/15/2021 The Pilgrim's Progress From This World to That Which Is To Come Bunyan, John; collated by Thomas Scott, D.D. Philadelphia: John B. Perry 1855 1 Athenaeum of Philadelphia XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 The Poems of Oliver Goldsmith London and New York: George Routledge & Co. 1859 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth
12/15/2021 The Positivist Calendar Edger, Henry Published by the Author, Modern Time (Thompson) L.I. 1856 1 Athenaeum of Philadelphia XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 The Rosebud New York: Leavitt & Allen 1856 2 The Library Company XRF green onlay
2/6/2020 The Rural Annual and Year-Book of Country Life New York: Leavitt & Allen 1856 1 The Library Company XRF green onlay
11/16/2022 21741777 The Rural Wreath; or Life Among... Boston: Wentworth & Co. 1856 1 American Antiquarian Society XRF bookcloth
11/16/2022 3558486 The Rural Wreath; or Life Among... Boston: Wentworth & Co. 1857 1 American Antiquarian Society XRF bookcloth
11/16/2022 5338241 The Snow Flake; A Christmas, New Year Leavitt & Allen; NY 1856-60 1 American Antiquarian Society XRF green onlay
2/6/2020 The Snowflake: a Christmas, New Year, and birthday gift, for MDCCCLIV na Philadelphia: E. H. Butler & Co. 1854 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth
11/16/2022 191276588 The Temperance Gift Leavitt & Allen; NY 1854 1 American Antiquarian Society XRF green onlay
11/16/2022 963910 The Three Brides, Love in a Cottage .. Durivage, Francis H. Sanborn, Carter, Bazin & Co.; Boston 1856 1 American Antiquarian Society XRF bookcloth
11/16/2022 2511893 The Violet: a Christmas and a New… Leavitt & Allen; NY 1856-1860 1 American Antiquarian Society XRF green onlay
2/6/2020 The Wanderers by Sea and Land Goodrich, Samuel G. (Samuel Griswold), 1793-1860. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 1854 1 The Library Company XRF green onlay
2/7/2022 5854855 The Wanderers by Sea and Land Goodrich, Samuel G. New York: D. Appleton and Co. 1855 2 George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida; American Antiquarian Society bookmark, XRF green onlay
11/15/2021 5339885 The White Veil: A Bridal Gift Hale, Sarah Josepha Buell Philadelphia: E.H. Butler & Co. 1854 1 William & Mary Libraries bookmark, XRF bookcloth
2/6/2020 The Works of Robert Burns New York: Leavitt & Allen 1856 1 The Library Company XRF bookcloth, green onlay
4/5/2022 Traité practique de l'Eclairage par le Gaz Inflammable Accum, Frederick Paris: chez l'Auteur et Nepveu libraire 1816 1 Ronald Smeltzer XRF, Raman paper covering
4/5/2022 63073611 Uncle Tom's Cabin or The History of a Christian Slave Stowe, Harriet Beecher London: Partridge and Oakey 1853 1 Middlebury College Special Collections Bookmark, XRF bookcloth
12/1/2022 The Poetical Works of Augustine Duganne Duganne, Augustine Philadelphia: Parry & MacMillan 1855 1 Indiana University Libraries Bookmark, XRF bookcloth